Family planning is a means and methods used in controlling the number of children one wants and the intervals between their births particularly by use of contraception which is voluntary and allows women to decide if and when to have children. The various types of contraceptives include: implants, pills, IUD’s, and permanent ones like surgical procedures like tube litigation and barrier methods such as condoms. Also, Information about how to become pregnant when it’s desirable as well as infertility treatment is also under family planning.
Recently, there has been an increase in teenage pregnancies more so in the rural areas and informal settlements due to lack of sexual reproductive health education and information. As a result, many drop out of school,others seek for unsafe abortion services leading to a high number of maternal mortality. In a year, 36 million abortions and 76,000 maternal deaths result from unsafe abortion services which are preventable if women and young girls are able to access contraceptive information and services without being victimized or discriminated upon.
At Family Health Options Kenya we provide and champion for quality comprehensive integrated sexual and reproductive health service to all, with focus on youth and marginalized groups through our innovative delivery programming and capacity building.
Some of the factors that contribute to women not being able to fully access family planning include: travelling for long distances to clinics that offer family planning services, lack of sexual reproductive health information and services and cultural perceptions about the health risks that are accompanied by the various methods.
Promotion of family planning ensures access to preferred contraceptive methods for women is essential to securing the well-being of women while supporting the health and development of communities. A woman’s ability to choose if and when to become pregnant has an impact on her health and well-being. Family planning also enables women to make informed choices about their sexual and reproductive health. We believe that family planning should be widely available and easily accessible to all wherever one is.